The skull of Charlemagne is kept in a bust in the Roman Catholic Cathedral of Aachen in West Germany.
Charlemagne (/ˈʃɑːrlᵻmeɪn/; 2 April 742/747/748 – 28 January 814), also known as Charles the Great (Latin: Carolus or Karolus Magnus) or Charles I, was King of the Franks. He united most of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages and laid the foundations for modern France and Germany.
Part of Charlemagne’s skull is kept in this ornate bust at the Cathedral of Aachen in West Germany. The Cathedral Treasury in Aachen is regarded as one of the most important ecclesiastical treasuries in northern Europe. Pilgrims are able to see some of the relics every seven years when they are displayed.
He took the Frankish throne in 768 and became King of Italy from 774. From 800, he became the first Holy Roman Emperor — the first recognized emperor in Western Europe since the fall of the Western Roman Empire three centuries earlier. While Charlemagne already ruled his kingdom without the help of the Pope, recognition from the pontiff granted him divine legitimacy in the eyes of his contemporaries.
The Shrine of St. Mary rests in the choir of the church and dates from 1220-1239. Adorned with the figures of Christ, Mary, Charlemagne, Pope Leo III and the Twelve Apostles, the shrine contains the four great Aachen relics: St. Mary’s cloak, Christ’s swaddling clothes, St. John the Baptist’s beheading cloth and Christ’s loincloth.
Charlemagne himself was accorded sainthood inside the Holy Roman Empire after the twelfth century. His canonisation by Antipope Paschal III, to gain the favour of Frederick Barbarossa in 1165, was never recognised by the Holy See, which annulled all of Paschal’s ordinances at the Third Lateran Council in 1179. His name does not appear among the 28 saints named Charles who are listed in the Roman Martyrology. However, his beatification has been acknowledged as cultus confirmed and is celebrated on 28 January.
The bones of Charlemagne was discovered in his coffin. That may seem obvious, but given how often he was exhumed and reburied and parts of him given away as relics.
First three more photos:
Why hunt for the skull and bones of an ancient ruler of central Europe?
The bones are required in the process of canonization. A Roman Catholic bishop has to examine them, and give a report to the Pope. Charlemagne was helping the Pope to create the cult of relics. Ironically the Holy Roman emperor became a relic him self.
The Antipope Paschal III canonized Charlemagne, and the Holy Roman emperor has been accepted for beatification by the Bishop of Rome. This is only one step from being declared a “saint”.
Charlemagne ruled with the blessings of the Pope in his time, Pope Leo III. When the Pope was forced to leave Rome because of a public revolt, the emperor brought the papacy back to the “capital of the Holy Roman empire”. By coming to the rescue of the pope, Charlemagne was conceded to be the successor of the Roman Emperor. His empire lasted 1.000 years, and was consider by Hitler as the second reich.
For all evangelical Christians, the rule of Charlemagne is a proof of the papacy being the successor of Ceasar, having its origin in paganism. The “Holy see” is not at all based on an apostolic succession of the apostles of Jesus the Messiah.
In 800 A.D, the alliance between Charlemagne and the papacy was the beginning of the end of Celtic Christianity. The celts were ruling i the Brittanic kingdom of Normandie, in parts of the Irish peninsula and ancient Scotland. These Christians followed the Jewish calendar, celebrated the Biblical feasts, and refused to bow before the papacy.
The priests of Charlemagne removed the Celts from offices in central Europe. The onslaught of the Viking norsemen weakened the Celtic Church on the islands in the West. After a war that lasted 100 years, the Roman Catholic Church had replaced Biblical Christianity in the courts of all kings. The true Messianic faith continued as a badly bruised and persecuted Church of the people. Faithful Christians were a part of an underground movement for 400 years, up till the days of the protestant reformation. The gates of Hell did not prevail against the Church of Jesus, despite endless pogroms and Roman Catholic inquisitions.
Written by Ivar