The Kingdom of Italy removed Roman Catholicism as state religion in 1870. In 1929 the Papal system was brought back by the Fascists, though the Treaties of Lateran. With Benito Mussolini as the midwife, The present Vatican state was born.
The Papal system was the ruler of Kings and Kingdoms. It was the biggest landowner of the divide Italian peninsula of many small states. It had its own army, and a Pope sitting in Rome.
On September 10 in 1870 A.D, Italy declared war on the Papal States. The Italian Army, commanded by General Raffaele Cadorna, crossed the papal frontier on 11 September and advanced slowly toward Rome. He was hoping that a peaceful entry could be negotiated.
The Italian Army reached the Aurelian Walls on 19 September and placed Rome under a state of siege. Although the pope’s tiny army was incapable of defending the city, Pius IX ordered it to put up at least a token resistance to emphasize that Italy was acquiring Rome by force and not consent.
On September 20, the Bersaglieri entered Rome and marched down Via Pia, which was subsequently renamed Via XX Settembre. Rome and Latium were annexed to the Kingdom of Italy.
In October, Rome and the surrounding Campagna, voted for a union with the kingdom of Italy. Pius IX refused to accept this act of force majoure.
He remained in his palace, describing himself as a prisoner in the Vatican. However the new Italian control of Rome did not wither, nor did the Catholic world come to the Pope’s aid, as Pius IX had expected.
Pope Pius IX spent his time as prisoner of the Vatican. In 1882, A later Pope even considered moving the papacy to Trieste or Salzburg, two cities in Austria.
Pope Pius IX convened the First Vatican Council in 1869, which decreed Papal infallibility in questions of moral and how to understand the scriptures.
That the Roman religion was suspended as state religion in the new Italian Kingdom the very next year, should not have impressed anyone enough to believe in the infallibility of the Pope in Rome.
The people of 1870 A.D simply did not want him. Even the people who lived in Rome, voted against the Pope in a referendum. The citizens of Rome wanted to be a part of the new Kingdom of Italy, with religious freedom, without a Pope as their religious head.
The Pope of Rome became a victim of the political games he had created as head of a worldly state. In 1848 he even had to flee Rome because of an uprising, and take exile in the Castle of Gaeta in The Kingdom of Two Sicilles. That was 120 kilometers from Rome, just north of Napoli. The Pope, not yet to be anointed by his Church with infallibility, was exiled in this castle for two years. But even when he came back to Rome in april 1850, French troops remained in Rome until 1870, to protect the status quo on the chaotic Italian peninsula.
If it had not been for the Fascists, the Papal system might have ended on the scrap-yard of history almost hundred years ago. The Bible tells us that one Pope, one of the heads of the «beast» would be rescued by another «beast».
One of the heads of the beast seemed to have had a fatal wound, but the fatal wound had been healed. The whole world was astonished and followed the beast.
The «brown shirts» brought back Roman Catholicism as state religion in Italy. The Fascists and the Pope had common interests and aspirations, and were well suited for each other.
If the Fascists were able to gain World control by political and military powers, the winners would make the Pope in Rome the religious head of the World.
Bentito Mussolini came to power by violence, following the «March on Rome» in 1922. As late as 1927, he was baptized by a Catholic priest. This was needed to silence Catholic opposition to the planned deal of making peace with Fascism in exchange for the Vatican state in 1929.
The two «peace partners» of Rome who signed the Treaties of Lateran. did not succeed.
But just before the Jewish Messiah returns to Earth, they will finally «succeed».
Read more about the Papal views on Israel: Click here
First published July 16th, 2009
Written by Ivar