In 1928, the Nazi-party got less than 3 per cent of the votes in Germany. In 1933, Hitler got 43 per cent of the votes in the city of Munich.
Since this topic was raised by a Roman Catholic commenter, I took a deeper look into the matter.
Who were the Germans who voted for the Nazi-party? Were they Protestants, or were their mainly Roman Catholic?
This question is interesting because Germany the Roman Catholics and Protestant is an equally large group with 34 per cent of the population each.
The Social Democratic Party (SDP) won the election in Germany in 1928 with 29,8 per cent of the votes.
The party had its power base in Northern and central Germany, mostly populated with Lutheran Christians. In the Catholic west and south, the voters chose the Bayerische Volkspartei (BVP) or the Centrum Party.
When the World economy cracked in 1929, it became almost impossible to govern Germany. After the 1928 election 40 parties were represented in the Bundestag. The Weimar Republic fell into political chaos.
The Lutheran North and central Germany voters abandoned the SDP in the 1932 election, when the Nazi party emerged as the largest party in Germany with 36,9 per cent of the votes. But SPD still the second largest party. The leadership in the SPD told the Germans: – It is us or the Nazi-party. The SPD got 21,6 per cent of the votes.
The Centrum party, a party who wanted Germany to be governed by Catholicism and Catholic values, became the 4th largest party in the national election on July 31st 1932. Their leader Von Papen secured 12,4 per cent of votes.
When Paul Von Hindenburg handed power over to Adolf Hitler 30th of January 1933, Hitler demanded that all resistance to the new regime in Germany had to be removed. Hitler banned the The Social Democratic party (SPD).
Hitler offered Von Papen the post as Vice Canceler of Germany, a fellow Roman Catholic. To get the post, Von Papen had to dissolved the Catholic Centrum Party. Von Papen accepted the offer, and the party was dissolved on July 5th 1933.
Von Papen signed the Concordat on behalf of the Nazi-party on July 20th 1933.
Pope Pius XII signed on behalf of the Roman Catholic Church.
The agreement secured the Catholics rights to run educational institutions in Germany, and that the Bishop of Rome continued to be the head of the Roman Catholic Church in Nazi-Germany. In return the Roman Catholics had to stop all political agitation against Nazism.
Written by Ivar